- Amalgam or Silver Fillings
- Composite or White Fillings
- Porcelain Crowns
- Porcelain Fused Metal Crowns
- Gold Crowns
- Inlays Outlays
Dental Cleaning and Treatment of Gum Diseases
Treatment of Dental Infections
Dental Cleaning and Treatment
of Gum Diseases
Dental Prophylaxis and Topical Fluoride
Prophylaxis is a medical treatment designed to maintain a patient’s health and prevent the spread of disease. In dental terms, this refers to the cleaning of teeth to help prevent tooth decay and periodontal or gum disease, applying caries-preventing agents, checking for signs of food impaction which may have cause damage to the teeth and the maintenance of dental prostheses and restorations. Dental prophylaxis involves plaque detection, dental polishing. Dental scaling removes plaque and tartar from the surface of teeth. Dental polishing helps to maintain a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam filling.
In medicine, a topical treatment is one used on the surface of the skin, rather than a medication that is ingested or is injected into the body. In dentistry, this refers to treatment on the surface of the tooth. Fluoride therapy refers to the application of fluoride to the surface of the teeth in order to guard against tooth decay and thus prevent cavities. Fluoride is most commonly applied to the teeth topically by the use of varnishes, gels, toothpastes or mouthwash. The systemic delivery of fluoride by a dentist involves fluoride supplementation using water, salt, and also the swallowing of drops or tablets, although these are rarely recommend in areas with a fluoridated public water supply.
Topical fluoride affects the teeth directly and is considered the most effective means of preventing tooth decay. Fluoride acts as a barrier against the decay-producing bacteria contained in plaque and stabilizes the natural minerals in the teeth, slowing down or preventing altogether the development of cavities. Most people apply fluoride directly to the teeth on a daily basis in the form of toothpaste or mouthwash. Topical fluoride can also be professionally applied by a dentist in the form of varnishes, gels or foams, which renew the high levels of fluoride in the outer layer of enamel. These types of applications are often recommended for those children who may be especially prone to cavities, have a related medical problem which reduces their resistance to the development of tooth decay or have a high sugar content in their diet.